The soils in the district are mainly silty loam (Khadar), loam (Bhangar and Nardak), and light loam (Seoti). The soils as classified by the national bureau of soil survey and land use planning (icar), Nagpur, the district has mainly udalfs, aquents-fluvents and ochrepts-orthents types of soils.
The city of Yamunanagar is an important trade hub of the state of Haryana and is the second highest revenue generator after Faridabad. The topography of this place is simple and is surrounded by some foothills and then is mostly a leveled ground. The soil of the city of Yamunanagar is very fertile and thereby is conducive for cultivation of various crops like rice, sugarcane, wheat and other vegetables like garlic, potato etc. Also, due to sufficient amount of rainfall this place has the field of Agri-forestry as one of the principal sources of income for the farmers. Besides regular farming, the land of Yamunanagar is also suitable for trees like Eucalyptus and Poplar, due to which the Plywood industry has a flourishing trade in Yamunanagar.